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Archive for December, 2013|Monthly archive page

Ed and David Mirvish and King Street West–whose legacy matters?

In Heritage & History on December 10, 2013 at 10:00 PM
The Royal Alexandra Theatre, built 1907, at 260 King Street West Toronto

The Royal Alexandra Theatre, built 1907, at 260 King Street West Toronto

By Catherine Nasmith | Every generation leaves its built legacy.

David Mirvish has said a lot about the Frank Gehry-designed project for King Street constituting the Mirvish family legacy.

The heritage laws now in effect in Toronto (and throughout Ontario) were passed in the sixties and seventies—a time when urban renewal meant urban removal. Similar laws were crafted around the world to enable communities to grow and thrive without destroying the legacy of previous generations.

One of the most important and innovative projects of that period was York Square in Yorkville (Avenue Road and Yorkville). It was the first development to mix new construction with old to achieve something really special. Undertaken by visionary developer Richard Wookey and the brilliant young architectural firm of Diamond and Myers, it was lauded in publications in no less than eight countries, and received a massive ten-page spread in Progressive Architecture, at the time the world’s most highly regarded professional journal. York Square proved to be the first of many Toronto projects that kept the best of the past and made it fresh again.

We have become expert here at combining vibrant new design with traditional buildings to create our most urbane places. It is what we do best—in fact we can legitimately say we showed the world how it’s done.

Toronto builds best by addition not subtraction. Major cultural projects like The National Ballet School, The Art Gallery of Ontario, The Royal Ontario Museum, and Koerner Hall have all expertly and gracefully combined new and old. Housing projects like Dundas-Sherbourne and the Hydro Block did it. Big commercial projects like Scotia Plaza and Commerce Court did it, too, Almost everywhere you look in Toronto you can see a layered approach to city building. It is Toronto’s other “better way”.

The Anderson Building, 1915, at 284 King Street

The Anderson Building, 1915, at 284 King Street West

Toronto also pioneered Doors Open in North America. The first honourary chair of Doors Open was David Mirvish, invited because of his family’s history of preservation and sensitive infill, including not only the Royal Alex and Princess of Wales theatres, but all their buildings along King Street. The Mirvish family have made wonderful contributions to our city. That is a legacy that should be cherished, because of his family’s involvement, but also because conservation honours the legacy of all the families who built all of those buildings.

Mr. Mirvish is now arguing that his family will be better remembered by razing most of what his father spent a lifetime conserving in order to create a trio of new buildings by Frank Gehry. Says who? I find that position puzzling to say the least. Rather, it represents a glaring change in direction for the family, and runs against the grain of the very kind of city building Toronto does best.

The Princess of Wales Theatre, 1993, 300 King Street West, Toronto

The Princess of Wales Theatre, 1993, 300 King Street West, Toronto

Frank Gehry has built many, many projects that integrate new and old. In fact, the project that made him famous started with an ordinary house that he turned into something extraordinary. Here in Toronto, Gehry, reworked the AGO with great results.

It is incredible that these two figures stood before Toronto East York Community Council on November 19 and maintained with straight faces that the only way forward is to sacrifice the past. Their own portfolios argue against it.

Toronto knows better than almost any other city that projects and cities are better when the past is woven into the future. It is an approach that yields great places, and respects the legacy of all Toronto’s city builders, from modest unknowns to famous international stars.


Catherine Nasmith is the President of the Toronto Architectural Conservancy.

This article was originally published on Built Heritage News, Issue 220 | November 25, 2013 and is republished here with the kind permission of the author. Built Heritage News publishes a regular e-newsletter about the built heritage of Toronto, Ontario, and Canada. Subscribe here

Eclipse White Wear Building, 1903, 322 King  Street West

Eclipse White Wear Building, 1903, 322 King Street West


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